Echuca is a town located on the banks of the Murray River and Campaspe River in Victoria, Australia. The border town of Moama is adjacent on the northern side of the Murray River in New South Wales. Echuca is the administrative centre and largest settlement in the Shire of Campaspe. As of the 2016 census, Echuca had a population of 12,906. The population of the combined Echuca and Moama townships was estimated be 20,660 at June 2016.
Echuca, an Aboriginal name meaning “Meeting of the Waters”, is indicative of the role rivers have played in the town’s existence. Echuca is situated close to the junction of the Goulburn, Campaspe, and Murray Rivers. Its position at the closest point of the Murray to Melbourne contributed to its development as a thriving river port city during the 19th century.
Echuca has a semi-arid climate meaning the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate. There are different kinds of semi-arid climates, depending on variables such as temperature, and they give rise to different biomes.
Population: 12,906 as of 2016
Established: 1 January 1855
Elevation: 96 m
Temp mean max: 22.2°c
Temp mean min: 9.3°c
Annual rainfall: 428.4mm
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