Melbourne is the state capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania. The name “Melbourne” covers an urban agglomeration spanning 9,992.5 km2, which comprises the broader metropolitan area, as well as being the common name for its city centre. The metropolis is located on the large natural bay of Port Phillip and expands into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon mountain ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley. Melbourne consists of 31 municipalities. It has a population of 4,725,316 as of 2016, and its inhabitants are called Melburnians.
Melbourne has a temperate oceanic climate with warm summers and cool winters and is well known for its changeable weather conditions. This is mainly due to Melbourne’s location situated on the boundary of the very hot inland areas and the cool southern ocean. This temperature differential is most pronounced in the spring and summer months and can cause very strong cold fronts to form. These cold fronts can be responsible for varied forms of severe weather from gales to severe thunderstorms and hail, large temperature drops and heavy rain. Winters, however, are usually very stable, but rather damp and often cloudy.
Melbourne is also prone to isolated convective showers forming when a cold pool crosses the state, especially if there is considerable daytime heating. The highest temperature recorded in Melbourne city was 46.4 °C, on 7 February 2009.
The lowest temperature on record is −2.8 °C, on 21 July 1869.
Population: 4,725,316 as of 2016
Established: 30 August 1835
Elevation: 31 m
Temp mean max: 20.4°c
Temp mean min: 11.4°c
Annual rainfall: 602.6mm
Instant turf options for Melbourne
SIR WALTER DNA CERTIFIED
Australia’s number 1 buffalo lawn.
The perfect all-rounder.
Fine leaved, wear and heat resistant couch grass. Great for sunny areas.